Surakarta city is located between 110° 45’ 15” and 110°45’ 35” east longitude and between 7°36’ and 7°56’ south latitude, right at the intersection of three big cities: Jogjakarta, Semarang, and Surabaya, each of which is only an hour drive from the city.
Surakarta, mostly well known as “Solo”, is a lowland with 92 m altitude. The City is bordering in the north side with Boyolali regency, in the east with Karangayar Regency, and in the south and the west with Sukoharjo Regency.
Administratively, Surakarta has five sub districts with the total area of 44.04 km² . The name of sub districts are Laweyan, Serengan, Pasar Kliwon, Jebres, and Banjarsari. About 66% or the area are used as housing complex, while 17% are used for business and economy activities.
The temperature of Surakarta City ranges from 15.1°C to 33.5°C, with the humidity of 69% to 87%. Days are usually rainy in from December to March, with the heavy rains in January and February.
One of the earliest censuses held in Surakarta Residency (Residentie Soerakarta) was in 1885. At that time, with an area of about 5,677 km² (2191.9 sq mi), there were 1,053,985 people in Surakarta Residency, including 2,694 Europeans and 7,543 Indonesian-Chinese. The area, 130 times the current area of Surakarta, had a population density of 186 people/km² (480/sq mi). The capital of the residency itself (roughly the size of the City of Solo) in 1880 was inhabited by 124,041 people.
The total population of Surakarta is now 516,102 with a sex ratio of 95%. The population density in Surakarta is 11,718.78 persons per square kilometer. The most Populous district in Surakarta was Pasar Kliwon with 15,941.19 persons per square kilometer.
Total number of working population Surakarta is 259.394 people, or 52.61 percent of the total population of Surakarta. The number of female workers were 118.443 or about 45.65% of the working population. This indicates that the female participation is quite high. Most people in Solo work in trade sector (106,426), services (59,780), manufacturing (42,065), communication (16,815), construction (9,217), financing (9,157), or agriculture (2,608), and the rest in mining, electricity, gas, and water companies (700). The average weekly working hours are 47.04 hours (47.74 for men and 46.13 for women).